But Indonesia’s biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it’s causing the city to sink. Today, Jakarta is the world’s fastest-sinking city.
Is Jakarta on the water?
Flood-prone Jakarta is the world’s fastest sinking city — as fast as 10 centimetres per year. … Almost half the city now sits below sea level. Excessive extraction of groundwater for drinking and commercial use is largely responsible for this: When water is pumped out of an underground aquifer, the land above it sinks.
Is Jakarta built on a swamp?
Jakarta has a population of more than 10 million. Established as the capital of what was the Dutch East Indies in the 17th century, the city is built on swamp land on the north-west coast of the island of Java.
Is Jakarta on a floodplain?
Like many major coastal cities, Jakarta is located on a floodplain; due to it being a delta for a set of rivers originating from the volcanoes of western Java – which is filled with highly nutritive soil. … This makes it easier for floods to occur within the city; caused in addition by its naturally low level land.
Which cities will be underwater by 2050?
NITI Aayog has named 21 cities. By 2050, Mumbai and Chennai will be under water on account of global warming.
Is Tokyo sinking?
And in many of the most populated coastal areas, the land is sinking even faster than the sea is rising. Parts of Tokyo for instance sank by 4 metres during the 20th century, with 2 metres or more of sinking reported in Shanghai, Bangkok, and New Orleans. This process is known as subsidence.
Is Miami Florida sinking?
The building, which was constructed in 1981, has been sinking at an alarming rate since the 1990s, according to a study in 2020 by Shimon Wdowinski, a professor in the Department of Earth and Environment.
Is Australia going to sink?
Recent measurements using the Global Positioning System (GPS) suggest that the Australian continent is sinking, but current understanding of geophysical processes suggests that the expected vertical motion of the plate should be close to zero or uplifting.