In April 1975, the Khmer Rouge captured Phnom Penh, the Cambodian capital, overthrew the pro-U.S. regime, and established a new government, the Kampuchean People’s Republic. As the new ruler of Cambodia, Pol Pot set about transforming the country into his vision of an agrarian utopia.
How did the Khmer Rouge take Phnom Penh?
In a civil war that continued for nearly five years from 1970, the Khmer Rouge gradually expanded the areas of the Cambodian countryside under their control. Finally, in April 1975, Khmer Rouge forces mounted a victorious attack on the capital city of Phnom Penh and established a national government to rule Cambodia.
When did Cambodia fall to the Khmer Rouge?
Ultimately, the Cambodian genocide led to the death of 1.5 to 2 million people, around 25% of Cambodia’s population.
|Dates of operation||June 1951–December 1999 1951–1968 (political party) 1968–1975 (insurgency) 1975–1979 (government) 1979–1999 (insurgency)|
How did Khmer Rouge come to power?
HOW DID THE KHMER ROUGE COME TO POWER? Cambodia’s communist movement emerged from the anti-colonial struggle against France in the 1940s. In March 1970, the country’s monarchy was overthrown by US-backed Field Marshal Lon Nol, setting up a long armed struggle against the forces of the Khmer Rouge.
How many people did the Khmer Rouge kill?
The massacres ended when the Vietnamese military invaded in 1978 and toppled the Khmer Rouge regime. By January 1979, 1.5 to 2 million people had died due to the Khmer Rouge’s policies, including 200,000–300,000 Chinese Cambodians, 90,000 Muslims, and 20,000 Vietnamese Cambodians.
Who did the Khmer Rouge target?
Because the Khmer Rouge placed a heavy emphasis on the rural peasant population, anyone considered an intellectual was targeted for special treatment. This meant teachers, lawyers, doctors, and clergy were the targets of the regime. Even people wearing glasses were the target of Pol Pot’s reign of terror.