The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. The Philippines then became a territory of the United States.
What countries have colonized the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of the most westernized nations in Southeast Asia, a unique blend of eastern and western cultures. Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the most significant influences on the Philippine culture.
Who ruled the Philippines before the Spanish?
Philippines Before the Spanish
The Philippines was influenced by the Indian-based Majapahit and Srivjaya Kingdoms. The latter thrived from the 8th to 13th centuries and was centered in present-day Palembang, Sumatra. When the Spanish arrived in 1565, the Philippines did not have a national identity.
Why did US want the Philippines?
Americans who advocated annexation evinced a variety of motivations: desire for commercial opportunities in Asia, concern that the Filipinos were incapable of self-rule, and fear that if the United States did not take control of the islands, another power (such as Germany or Japan) might do so.
Is the Philippines a US territory?
For decades, the United States ruled over the Philippines because, along with Puerto Rico and Guam, it became a U.S. territory with the signing of the 1898 Treaty of Paris and the defeat of the Filipino forces fighting for independence during the 1899-1902 Philippine-American War.
What religion came first in the Philippines?
Islam was the first-recorded monotheistic religion in the Philippines.
What was the Philippines like before colonization?
Prior to Spanish colonization in 1521, the Filipinos had a rich culture and were trading with the Chinese and the Japanese. Spain’s colonization brought about the construction of Intramuros in 1571, a “Walled City” comprised of European buildings and churches, replicated in different parts of the archipelago.
How many years did Spanish colonized Philippines?
The Filipinos resisted and waged Asia’s first nationalist revolution in 1896. On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced by the Americans who stayed for 48 years.