Modern Singapore was founded in the 19th century, thanks to politics, trade and a man known as Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. During this time, the British empire was eyeing a port of call in this region to base its merchant fleet, and to forestall any advance made by the Dutch.
What was Singapore called before 1965?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
What did William Farquhar do for Singapore?
Farquhar set about clearing the plain on the northeast bank of the Singapore River. He managed to attract traders, settlers and supplies to Singapore, and administered the settlement on a shoestring budget.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Is Singapore still a British colony?
The Crown colony was dissolved on 16 September 1963 when Singapore became a state of Malaysia, ending 144 years’ of British rule on the island. On 9 August 1965, Singapore officially left Malaysia to become the independent Republic of Singapore, due to political, economic and racial disputes.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Why did Malaysia kick out Singapore?
The union was unstable due to distrust and ideological differences between the leaders of Singapore and of the federal government of Malaysia. … These culminated in the decision by Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman to expel Singapore from the Federation, and on 9 August 1965, Singapore became independent.
Is Singapore part of China?
In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.
|Republic of Singapore show 3 other official names|
|Ethnic groups (2020)||75.9% Chinese 15.0% Malay 7.5% Indian 1.6% Others|
Where does the name Farquhar come from?
Farquhar is a surname of Scottish origin, derived from the Scottish Gaelic fearchar, from fear (“man”) and car (“beloved”). Farquharson is a further derivation of the name, meaning “son of Farquhar”.