Before the French came to Indochina, Vietnam, the Khmer Empire (Cambodia), and the Laotian Kingdom (Laos) were independent countries. Vietnam had been ruled by neighboring China for hundreds of years, but after centuries of resistance the Vietnamese people overthrew their Chinese rulers and became independent.
Who was Vietnam originally ruled by?
Brief Overview of the History of Vietnam
Vietnam would remain a part of the Chinese empire for over 1000 years. It was in 938 AD that Ngo Quyen defeated the Chinese and gained independence for Vietnam. Vietnam was then ruled by a succession of dynasties including the Ly, Tran, and the Le dynasty.
Was Vietnam a Chinese colony?
Vietnam was brought under the control of China following the Ming dynasty’s victory in the Ming–Hồ War. The fourth period of Chinese rule ended when the Lam Sơn uprising led by Lê Lợi emerged successful. Lê Lợi then re-established an independent kingdom of Đại Việt.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Is Vietnam a poor country?
Vietnam is now defined as a lower middle income country by the World Bank. Of the total Vietnamese population of 88 million people (2010), 13 million people still live in poverty and many others remain near poor. Poverty reduction is slowing down and inequality increasing with persistent deep pockets of poverty.
Is Vietnam a free country?
Freedom in the World — Vietnam Country Report
Vietnam is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House’s annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
Why did the French lose in Vietnam?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. … Duncanson records that Indochina once constituted the Associated States of Indochina – being Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
Why did France go to Vietnam?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
Did France start the Vietnam War?
France had been a long-time occupier of Vietnam before 1954. It wanted no part of the new conflict. After World War II, France reoccupied Vietnam as part of its attempt to reclaim its prewar empire.