Urbanization in Indonesia increased tremendously following the country’s rapid development in the 1970s. Since then, Indonesia has been facing high urbanization rates driven by rural-urban migration. In 1950, 15% of Indonesia’s population lived in urban areas.
Why do people move to urban areas in Indonesia?
Reasons Why People Move to Urban Areas in Indonesia
Since there are fewer employment opportunities in rural areas, workers who live in rural areas will move to urban areas to search for employment opportunities which are more plentiful in the cities.
What are the 3 causes of urbanization?
Causes of Urbanization
Economic, political, and social issues merge with circumstances of modernization to make people want to migrate from rural to urban areas.
Is urbanization good or bad?
Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions. … Urbanization has a major negative impact on the nutritional health of poor populations.
Is Indonesia rural or urban?
Indonesia is undergoing a historic transformation from a rural to an urban economy. The country’s cities are growing faster than in other Asian countries at a rate of 4.1% per year. By 2025 – in less than 10 years – Indonesia can expect to have 68% of its population living in cities.
Is Indonesia densely populated?
With a population of around 36.3 million in 2015, Jakarta is not only Indonesia’s biggest city, it is also one of the world’s most-populated urban areas.
Population density of Indonesia from 2009 to 2018 (in people per square kilometer)
|Characteristic||Population density in people per square kilometer|