At six-and-a-half-million acres, the Leuser Ecosystem (pronounced “low sir”) is like no place on Earth — it’s the last place where Sumatran orangutans, elephants, tigers, rhinos and sun bears all roam the same habitat.
What kind of ecosystem is Indonesia?
With the third largest area of tropical forest in the world, Indonesia’s forests play a significant role in climate change mitigation at the national and global level. They are also critical for economic growth and the welfare of people.
What is the main ecosystem in Indonesia?
It is comprised of more than thirteen thousand islands. The nation has a land area of 735, 350 square miles. Indonesia’s vast land area consists of a variety of ecological regions.
Ecological Regions Of Indonesia.
|Ecological Regions of Indonesia||Biome|
|Central Range montane rain forests||Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests|
What is the natural ecosystem in much of Indonesia?
Indonesia’s rainforests are home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. Spread over 18,000 islands, Indonesia contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest after the Amazon and Africa’s Congo Basin.
How much biodiversity is Indonesia?
For fauna diversity, about 12% of the world’s mammals (515 species) occur in Indonesia, ranking it second, after Brazil, at the global level. About 16% of the world’s reptiles (781 species) and 35 species of primate place Indonesia fourth in the world.
What percentage of Indonesia is rainforest?
According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.
Indonesia Forest Information and Data.
|Total Land Area (1000 ha)||181157|
|Percent other wooded land||12|
How many animals in Indonesia are endangered?
According to IUCN, 2011; the threatened wildlife in Indonesia include 184 mammals, 119 birds, 32 reptiles, 32 amphibians, and 140 fish. There are 68 species which are critically endangered and 69 endangered species, and 517 vulnerable species.
What animals live in Indonesian forests?
The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, and Bornean elephant.
What are the 4 layers of the rainforest?
Most rainforests are structured in four layers: emergent, canopy, understory, and forest floor. Each layer has unique characteristics based on differing levels of water, sunlight, and air circulation.
Is Indonesia living sustainably?
Welcome to the Earth.Org Global Sustainability Index, where Earth.Org examines the policies and actions regarding the environment of every nation on earth. Indonesia pledges to achieve a 41% reduction from business-as-usual in 2030. …
Which country has the most biodiversity loss?
Australia is one of seven countries responsible for more than half of global biodiversity loss, according to a study published today.