Born in 1890, Ho Chi Minh left Vietnam as a cook on a French steamer in 1911. … There, he organized a Vietnamese guerrilla organization—the Viet Minh—to fight for Vietnamese independence. Japan occupied French Indochina in 1940 and collaborated with French officials loyal to France’s Vichy regime.
How did Vietnam defeat the French?
In northwest Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces decisively defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu, a French stronghold besieged by the Vietnamese communists for 57 days. … Although the Vietnamese rapidly cut off all roads to the fort, the French were confident that they could be supplied by air.
Why did Vietnam want independence from France?
The reason for that is that the Vietnamese wanted to be free and independent just like people from just about every country want to be. The Vietnamese had been ruled by foreign countries for quite some time by the time WWII ended.
How did Vietnam get free from France?
First Indochina War erupts in Vietnam, Dec. 19, 1946. Negotiations between the French and Ho Chi Minh led to an agreement in March 1946 that appeared to promise a peaceful solution. Under the agreement France would recognize the Viet Minh government and give Vietnam the status of a free state within the French Union.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
What happened to Vietnam after it gained independence from France?
French forces seized southern Vietnam and opened talks with the Vietnamese communists. … Ho Chi Minh died on September 2, 1969, 25 years after declaring Vietnam’s independence from France and nearly six years before his forces succeeded in reuniting North and South Vietnam under communist rule.
How did the French get involved in Vietnam?
France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.
Why did the French fail in Vietnam?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. … Duncanson records that Indochina once constituted the Associated States of Indochina – being Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
What was the outcome of the war for France and for Vietnam?
What was the outcome of the war for France and for Vietnam? North Vietnam was communist and South was non-communist. Vietnam gained independence. France left the region.
Why did Vietnam get divided?
Vietnam would be divided by a demilitarised zone (the DMZ), with the French withdrawing their forces from Vietnam north of the zone and the Viet Minh withdrawing their forces from the south. … Before long Diem’s authoritarian regime was challenged by local communists, backed by the regime in North Vietnam.