Global climate change influences the economic performance of all countries, and Indonesia is no exception. Under climate change, Indonesia is predicted to experience temperature increases of approximately 0.8°C by 2030. … Decreasing output of paddy and rice will adversely affect the country’s food security.
Is Indonesia taking part in global warming?
Indonesia plays a dual role in climate change issues, taking its impact but also being able to provide solutions on global carbon absorption and in oxygen emission. Global warming takes its course in Indonesia with surface temperatures increasing from 0.2 to 0.3 of a degree Celsius per decade.
Is Indonesia vulnerable to climate change?
Indonesia is vulnerable to climate change due to its high population density – especially in coastal areas, and strong dependence on natural resources for income generation and consumption.
How much does Indonesia contribute to climate change?
Indonesia is the largest global contributor to these emissions, spewing 240 to 447 million tons of CO2 annually from agriculture, the conversion of carbon-rich forests to plantations and other uses, according to data from Global Forest Watch.
Why does Indonesia’s climate vary?
Monsoon winds and mountains also affect Indonesia’s climate. Temperature and rainfall vary across its different islands due to elevation and monsoon patterns.
What is the climate of Indonesia 2020?
The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical. The uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia’s area ensures that temperatures on land remain fairly constant, with the coastal plains averaging 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C.
Is the global warming?
Global warming usually refers to human-induced warming of the Earth system, whereas climate change can refer to natural as well as anthropogenic change. The two terms are often used interchangeably.
What countries share a border with Indonesia?
Indonesia shares borders with Malaysia on Borneo island, with Papua New Guinea on Papua island, and with East Timor on Timor island. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India.
How can Indonesia achieve its climate change mitigation goal an analysis of potential emissions reductions from energy and land use policies?
If the policy is renewed through 2030 in its current form, it could reduce emissions by approximately 188 MtCO2 by 2030. Expanding the forest moratorium to include additional secondary forest and forest areas under concession licenses could reduce emissions as much as 437 MtCO2 in 2030.
How can we stop climate change in Indonesia?
Recognizing the domestic and international importance of its tropical landscape and the people in it, the Indonesian government has made encouraging decisions; it has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and developed a strategy for land use and forestry emissions, …
How polluted is Indonesia?
5 concentrations from 8 μg/m3 to 22 μg/m3. According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.