What does S1 mean in Indonesia?
University first stage. 4. Sarjana (S1) followed by Subject Degree. Tertiary. University second stage.
What is D3 education in Indonesia?
From my experience, these are the correct English terms for those Indonesian titles. Sarjana (S1) = Bachelor’s degree. Sarjana Terapan (D4) = Bachelor of Applied Sciences. D3 = Associate Degree.
Why is Indonesia education so low?
Most analyses have attributed these problems to inadequate funding, human resource deficits, perverse incentive structures, and poor management. There is no doubt that these factors have mattered. But the country’s problems with education quality have been, at their root, a matter of politics and power.
Is college free in Indonesia?
The Indonesian education system is the fourth largest in the world with more than 50 million students, 3 million teachers, 300,000 schools. Primary to high school level is compulsory. Primary and middle school is free, while in high school, there are small fees. … The tertiary-education participation is low at 36.31%.